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修订后的英语课标与原文变化整理[原创]

发布时间: 2012-02-10 09:16:11   作者:李冬梅   发表者: 李冬梅     浏览次数:(2466)   评论次数:(15)    
                 一、具体修订内容改动摘要(加黑部分为核心变化)
(一) 前言部分
突出外语教育不再是精英教育,而是大众教育,国民素质教育,是国家开放的需要,是对外交流的需要,并强调其在我国社会发展、经济建设等方面的意义和作用。
(二)课程性质
将义务教育阶段的英语课程的性质界定为“具有工具性和人文性双重性质”。
(三)基本理念
基本理念部分的修订以突出英语学科特点的思想为原则,修订原小标题及内容,使英语教育的特点一目了然,同时,在每一条理念中再次强调英语教育的工具性与人文性以及语言学习的渐进性与持续性特点。
(四) 课程设计思路
明确指出了了英语课程设计的总体思路提出了科学发展观和先进的外语课程理念为指导,综合考虑我国英语教育的发展现状,从义务教育阶段起,建立一个以学生发展为本的、系统而持续渐进的英语课程体系。
(其中,七级为高中毕业的基本要求,八级和九级是为愿意进一步提高英语综合语言运用能力的高中学生设计的目标。)
(五) 课程目标
本次修订将课程目标按照总目标与分目标进行表述。保留从语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识五个方面描述英语课程目标。
1. 总目标
将原课程性质部分的“义务教育阶段英语课程的任务”移至课程总目标部分,修改描述为:“义务教育阶段英语课程的总体目标是培养学生初步的综合语言运用能力,五个方面相辅相成。课程总目标还从学生的语言能力、思维能力和文化意识的发展等方面进一步阐述了课程总目标的工具性与人文性紧密结合的特征。
2. 分目标
为了更好体现不同级别之间的差异和过度,本次修订对分目标中一至五级分级整体目标描述作了仔细的文字修改使之更为准确,以体现级别间的差异和进阶关系。
(六)        内容标准
此次修订对各级别总体目标要求保持不变,只在具体要求上做适当调整。具体调整如下:
1.根据全国反馈意见与建议,在语言技能(听、说、读、写)的要求上进行调整,有的适当降低难度,有的修改文字以更好地体现表述的准确性,有的个别目标要求也略有提高。如:
1)     一级语言技能的“听做”要求中,将让学生能“根据指令做手工”的要求改为:“做动作”;因为各地教学资源和条件不同,要求学生‘根据指令做手工’不具有可操作性。(降)
2)     一级语言技能的“玩演”要求中,将“能用英语做游戏并在游戏中用英语进行简单的交际”改为“能在教师的指导下用英语做游戏并在游戏中进行简单的交际”。(降)
3)     将一级语言技能的“玩演”要求“能表演英文歌曲及简单的童话剧,如《小红帽》等”改为“能表演简单的英语短剧”。(表述准确性)
4)     在一级语言技能的“读写”要求中,增加“能模仿范例写句子”的要求;(升)
5)     将二级目标描述中的“说”的要求中的“语调达意”改为“语调基本达意”;(降)
6)    在二级目标描述中的“说”的要求中增加“能就日常生活话题作简短叙述”;(升)
7)    将二级目标中“说”的要求“能在教师的帮助下讲述简单的小故事”改为“能在教师的帮助和图片的提示下描述或讲述简单的小故事”;(降)
8)    将二级目标中“写”的要求“能模仿范例写句子”修改为‘能根据图片、词语或例句的提示,写出简短的描述’。(升)
9)     减少一级和二级语言技能中要求学生能唱的歌曲歌谣的数量, 从原来的一级和二级能够分别会唱15-20首和30-40首英文歌曲和歌谣减为能够学唱10-15首和15-30首英文歌曲和歌谣。(降)
10) 将三级目标中“说”的要求“能在教师的指导下参与简单的游戏和角色扮演活动”改为“能在教师的指导下进行简单的交流”;(表述准确性)
11) 将三级目标中“读”的要求“能理解简短的书面指令,并根据要求进行学习活动”改为“能理解并执行有过学习活动的简短书面指令”;(表述准确性)
2. 在语言知识的要求上所进行的调整和修改主要是为了更好地体现对小学阶段英语课程的指导性。对五级目标的修订主要是为了提高表述的准确性。主要修订内容如下:
1)    将原二级目标中对“语音”的要求从“知道字母名称的读音”改为“正确读出26个英文字母”;从强调语音知识转为语音能力。
2)     在原二级目标的“词汇”要求在原700词汇的基础上,确定了小学阶段的400个核心词汇,要求学生能初步运用这400个左右的词汇表达二级多规定的相应话题。其余300词作为扩充词汇,根据教学进行学习。修订后的要求有利于不同地区和不同资源条件和教师条件的学校的教学在都能在帮助学生掌握这400个词汇的基础上有一定的灵活性。
3)     明确了小学阶段对语法的要求“理解以下语法项目的表意功能并能在特定语境中运用:1.名词的单复数形式;2.主要人称代词和形容词性物主代词;3.一般现在时,现在进行时,一般过去时,一般将来时等时态;4.表示时间、地点和位置的常用介词;5.简单句的基本形式。”以前的要求没有明确小学还是初中,使得一些小学教师不清楚语法到底需要学习哪些内容,结果是增加了教学的难度、教材的难度和考试的难度。
4)     二级目标描述中对“语言功能”的要求进一步明确为“了解和运用表示问候、告别、感谢、邀请、致歉、介绍、喜好、建议、祝愿、情感、请求等交际功能的基本表达形式。”为小学教学更明确了需要学习的语言功能的内容。便于教材编写、教师教学和评价测试。
5)     二级目标“话题”要求中的‘植物’内容删除,文字也做了相应调整:“理解和表达有关下列话题的简单信息:个人情况、家庭与朋友、身体与健康、学校与日常生活、文体活动、节假日、饮食、服装、季节与天气、颜色、动物、数量、时间等相关意念内容。
6)     调整并重新描述五级目标描述中对“语法”的要求“1.理解附录“语法项目表”中所列语法项目并能在特定语境中使用;(后同原课标:2.了解常用语言形式的基本结构和常用表意功能;3.在实际运用中体会和领悟语言形式的表意功能;4.理解并运用恰当的语言形式描述人和物;描述具体事件和具体行为的发生、发展过程;描述时间、地点及方位;比较人、物体及事物等。
3.     在情感态度的要求上进行的调整和修改,如下:
在二级“情感态度”的目标描述中,增加遇到困难,主动求助,勇于克服”,并将描述顺序调整为:“1.能体会到英语学习的乐趣;2.敢于开口,表达中不怕出错误;3. 对各种英语学习活动有兴趣;4.积极参与各种课堂学习活动;5.在小组活动中能与其他同学积极配合和合作;6.遇到困难,主动求助,勇于克服。
4.     在二级“基本策略”的目标描述中,增加“在课堂交流中,注意倾听,积极思考”;
5. 在文化意识的要求上进行的调整和修改如下:
1)    在二级“文化意识”的目标描述中,增加“了解一些日常交际中的中外文化差异”;
2)     在五级“文化意识”的目标描述中,增加“了解英语国家中的个人隐私习俗”;并将“加深对中国文化的理解”改为“关注中外文化异同,加深对中国文化的理解”
(七)实施建议
1. 除了增加导言部分外,对教学建议逐条进行了整合和文字修订,突出体现英语课程的工具性与人文性的双重性质。同时,对英语教师在教学实践中实施课程标准提出了更加明确和具体的要求。
2. 本次修订所选的大部分案例都选自于一线优秀的英语教师。本次修订还将原教材编写和使用建议中的‘使用建议’部分简化,移至教学建议中。
3.  这次修订还对评价建议进行了逐条修订。还对评价案例进行了重新整合和调整,补充了大量的可操作性比较强的评价方式和方法,分为小学和初中两个部分呈现,在各自部分又以形成性评价与终结性评价两种方式呈现,更突出了对小学和初中不同阶段的评价指导。
(八) 附录部分
重新修订了义务教育阶段的总词汇表,补充了一些常用词汇,替换掉了一些不常用的词汇,义务教育阶段英语总词汇量(1600)不变。对小学阶段的词汇量要求也不变(700左右)。撰写了小学英语技能教学参考建议,以加强对小学英语教学的指导。此外,话题表和功能表中属于小学阶段所应涉及的部分,也在一、二级的目标要求表中分别列出。
(九) 其他将实施建议中的“教学案例”与“评价案例”移至英语课标的附录部分。
二、五级语法项目变化整理(标黑处为变动部分)
原课标
修订后的课标
1. 名词
(1)可数名词及其单复数
(2)不可数名词
(3)专有名词
(4)名词所有格
2. 代词
(1)人称代词
(2)物主代词
(3)反身人词
(4)指示代词
(5)不定代词
(6)疑问代词
3数词
1)基数词
2)序数词
4.介词和介词短语
5.连词
6.形容词(比较级和最高级)
7.副词(比较级和最高级)
8.冠词
9.动词
1)动词的基本形式
2)系动词
3)及物动词和不及物动词
4)助动词
5)情态动词
10.时态
1)现在进行时
2)一般现在时
3)一般过去时
4)一般将来时
5)过去进行时
6)现在完成时
7)过去完成时
8)过去将来时
11.被动语态
12.非谓语动词
1)动词不定式
2)动词的-ing形式*
3)动词的-ed形式
13.构词法
1)合成法
2)派生法
3)转化法
4)缩写和简写
14.句子种类
1)陈述句(肯定式和否定式)
2)疑问句:一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句
3)祈使句
4)感叹句
15.句子成分
1)主语
2)谓语(主谓一致)
3)表语
4)宾语(直接宾语和间接宾语)
5)补语
6)定语
7)状语
16.简单句的基本句型
1)主语+系动词+表语
2)主语+不及物动词
3)主语+及物动词+宾语
4)主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语
5)主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语
6there be句型
17.并列复合句
18.主从复合句
1)宾语从句
2)状语从句
3)定语从句
4)主语从句
5)同位语从句
6)表语从句
19.直接引语与间接引语
20.省略
21.倒装
22.强调
23.虚拟语气
1.名词
(1)可数名词及其单复数
(2)不可数名词
(3)专有名词
(4)名词所有格
2.代词
(1)人称代词
(2)物主代词
(3)反身代词
(4)指示代词 
(5)不定代词 (some, any, no)
(6)疑问代词
3.数词
(1)基数词
(2)序数词
4.介词和介词短语
5.连词
6.形容词(比较级和最高级)
7.副词(比较级和最高级)
8.冠词
9.动词
(1)动词的基本形式
(2)系动词
(3)及物动词和不及物动词
(4)助动词
(5)情态动词
10.时态
(1)现在进行时
(2)一般现在时
(3)一般过去时
(4)一般将来时
(5)过去进行时
(6)现在完成时
 
11.被动语态(一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,现在完成时)
12.非谓语动词 (动词不定式做宾语、宾语补足语、目的状语)
 
 
13.构词法 (常用的前缀、后缀,以及加前后缀的方法,常用词的转化、合成)
 
 
 
14.句子种类
(1)陈述句(肯定式和否定式)
(2)疑问句 (一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句)
(3)祈使句
(4)感叹句
15.句子成分
(1)主语
(2)谓语
(3)表语
(4)宾语
(5)定语
(6)状语
(7)宾语补足语
16.简单句的基本句型
(1) 主语+系动词+表语
(2) 主语+不及物动词
(3) 主语+及物动词+宾语
(4) 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语
(5) 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语
(6) there be句型
17.并列复合句
18.主从复合句
(1)宾语从句
(2)状语从句
(3)定语从句(能辨认出带有由that, which, who引导的限定性定语从句,并能理解句子意思。)
 
三、功能意念项目变化(标黑处为变动部分)
1.社会交往 (Social Communications)
(1)问候 (Greetings)
(2)介绍 (Introduction)
(3)告别 (Farewells)
(4)感谢 (Thanks)
(5)道歉 (Apologies)
(6)邀请 (Invitation)
(7)请求允许 (Asking for permission)
(8)祝愿和祝贺 (Expressing wishes and congratulations)
(9)请求与提供帮助 (Asking for and offering help) --原为提供帮助(offering help
(10)约会 (Making appointments)
(11)打电话 (Making telephone calls)
(12)就餐 (Having meals)
(13)就医 (Seeing the doctor)
(14)购物 (Shopping)
(15)问路 (Asking the way)
(16)谈论天气 (Talking about weather)
(17)语言交际困难 (Language difficulties in communication)
(18)提醒注意 (Reminding)
19)警告和禁止(Warning and prohibition---新加
(20)劝告 (Advice)
(21)建议 (Suggestions)
(22)接受与拒绝(Acceptance and Refusal)
2.态度 (Attitudes)
(23)同意和不同意 (Agreement and disagreement)
(24)喜欢和不喜欢 (Likes and dislikes)
(25)肯定和不肯定 (Certainty and uncertainty)
(26)可能和不可能 (Possibility and impossibility)
(27)能够和不能够 (Ability and inability)
(28)偏爱和优先选择 (Preference)
(29)意愿和打算 (Intention and plan)
(30)希望和愿望 (Hope and wish)
(31)表扬和鼓励 (Praise and encouragement)
32判断与评价(Judgement and evaluation
--去掉了原有两项:责备和抱怨(blame and complaint),冷淡(Indifference
3.情感 (Emotions)
(33)高兴 (Happiness)
(34)惊奇 (Surprise)
(35)关切(Concern) -- 删去忧虑(concern
(36)安慰 (Reassurance)
(37)满意 (Satisfaction)
(38)遗憾 (Regret)
4.时间 (Time)
(39)时刻 (Point of time)
(40)时段 (Duration)
(41)频度 (Frequency)
(42)顺序 (Sequence)   --原为时序Sequence
5.空间 (Space)
(43)位置 (Position)
(44)方向 (Direction)
(45)距离 (Distance)
6.存在 (Existence)
(46)存在与不存在 (Existence and Non-existence)
7.特征 (Features)
(47)形状 (Shape)
(48)颜色 (Colour)
(49)材料 (Material)
(50)价格 (Price)
(51)规格 (Size)
(52)年龄 (Age)
8.计量 (Measurement)
(53)长度 (Length)
(54)宽度 (Width)
(55)高度 (Height)
(56)数量 (Quantity)
(57)重量(Weight--新加
9.比较 (Comparison)
(58)同级比较 (Equal comparison)
(59)差别比较 (Comparative and superlative)
(60)相似和差别 (Similarity and difference)
10.逻辑关系 (Logical relations)
(61)原因和结果 (Cause and effect )
(62)目的 (Purpose)
11.职业(Occupation)
(63)工作 (Job) (64)单位 (Employer)
四、话题项目整理(红字处为主要变化或需要注意部分)
原课标话题项目
修订课标话题项目
1. 个人情况 (Personal information)
(l) lndividua1 data (name, age, date of birth, place of birth, telephone number, address, postal code, e--mail address, ID number, etc. ) (5 )
(2) Family data (name, age, relationship, etc. ) (5) (8)
(3) Schoo1 data (school, grade, class, teacher, etc. ) (5)
(4) Data uses(fil1ing out forms and app1ications, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(5) Jobs and career (office worker, worker, teacher, doctor, farmer, driver, official, etc. ) (5)
2. 家庭、朋友与周围的人 (Family, friends and people around)
(1) Family and relatives (grandparents, parents, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, cousin, son, daughter, etc. ) (5) (8)
(2) Friends (close neighbor, schoo1mate, c1assmate, roommate, team-mate, etc. ) (5 )
(3) Other peop1e ( neighbor, local shopkeeper, teacher, colleague, etc. ) (5) (8)
3. 周围的环境(Personal environments )
(1 ) Kinds of homes(apartment, house, dormitory, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(2) Rooms in homes (bedroom, kitchen, living room, bathroom, etc. ) (5) (8)
(3) Furniture & home items (table, chair, sofa, desk, bed, television, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(4) Schools (classroom, playground, hall, computer room, office, etc. ) (5 )
(5) Outside (grocery store, book shop, clothing store, market bank, library, museum, cinema, theater, park, road, etc. ) (5)(8)
4. 日常活动(Daily routines)
(1 ) Getting ready (time for school, playing, bed) (5)
(2) Dressing, brushing teeth, washing hands and face, taking a shower, etc. (5 )
(3) Eating (breakfast, lunch, snacks and dinner) (5) (8)
(4) Daily chores (tidying, sweeping, doing dishes, cooking) (58)
(5) Homework (reading, writing, studying, etc. ) (5) (8)
(6) Family time (watching television, going out, visiting, etc. ) (5)
5. 学校生活(School lire)
(1) School building (classroom, office, library, washroom, etc. )(5)
(2) School organization (grade, class, subject, break, schedule, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(3) People (teacher, classmate, schoolmate, c1eaner, etc. ) (5)
(4) Subjects (Chinese, math, Eng1ish, geography, history, etc. )(5 )
(5) Activities (sports, extra--curricular invo1vement, trip, etc. ) (5) (8 )
(6) Instructions (Please listen, read, get into groups, act, etc. ) (5)(8)
(7) Educational methods (preview, review, discuss, presentation, summary) (5 ) (8)
6. 兴趣与爱好 (Interests and hobbies)
(1 ) Lessons (music, dance, acting, sport, etc. ) (5) (8)
(2) Games (physical games, computer games, sports, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(3) Hobbies (collecting stamps, coins, dolls, etc. ) (5) (8)
(4) Reading (books, newspapers, comics, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(5) Cultural events (film, theatre, concert, opera, etc. ) (5) (8)
(6) Entertainment (listening to radio, watching TV, playing CD, DVD, etc. ) (5) (8)
(7) Socializing (having parties, issuing invitations, going for picnics, going sightseeing, entertaining guests, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(8) Expressing your reactions to these activities (5 )
7. 个人情感(Emotions)
(1) Describing feelings (happy, sad, angry, upset, pleased, proud, lonely, worried, nervous, afraid, etc. ) (5) (8)
(2) Expressing emotions (smiling, laughing, crying, shouting, etc. )(5) (8)
(3) Describing facial expressions and gestures (5 ) (8)
8. 人际关系 (Interpersonal relationships)
(1) People (parent, brother, sister, other family members, friend, neighbor, teacher, etc. ) (5) (8)
(2) Social behaviors (greeting, introducing, giving thanks, asking for permission, asking for help, so1ving problems, dea1ing with conflicts, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(3) Getting together (making plans / arrangements, time, date, place, event, etc. ) (5) (8)
9. 计划与愿望 (Plans and intentions)
(1) Planning (holidays, social events, travel, further education, jobs, etc. ) (5) (8)
(2) Organising (asking for advice, asking for help, asking for. permission, exploring possibilities, expressing needs and wants, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
10. 节假日活动(Festivals, holidays and celebrations)
(1) Cultura1 festivals (Spring Festivals, New Year's Day, Christmas, etc. ) (5) (8)
(2) Religious holidays (Christmas, Easter, Ramada, etc. ) (5) (8)
(3) Personal celebrations (birthday, anniversary, graduation, etc. )(5) (8)
(4) Describing your own experiences of these activities and stating your preferences, etc.
11. 购物 (Shopping)
(1 ) Planning (shopping list, needs, wants, etc. ) (5)
(2) Products (clothes, groceries, personal items, electronics, etc. )(5) (8)
(3) Selecting (quality, weights, measures, size, color, style, etc. )(5) (8)
(4) Paying (price, quantity, etc. ) (5)
(5 ) Expressing comp1iments and responding to them (8)
12. 饮食 (Food and drink)
(1 ) Meats (beef, chicken, pork, fish, etc. ) (5)
(2) Soups (chicken, tofu, vegetab1e, etc. ) (5)
(3 ) Vegetables (cabbage, eggplant, etc. ) (5 ) (8)
(4) Staple food (rice, bread, noodles, cake) (5) (8)
(5) Drinks (milk, water, juice, soft drink, coke, alcoholic drinks, beer, wine, etc. ) (5)
(6) Fast foods (sandwiches, noodles, dumplings, hot dogs, hamburgers, chips, etc. ) (5) (8)
(7) Snacks (ice cream, chips, etc. ) (5)
(8) Eating customs (ways of eating, kinds of food, times to eat, table manners, chopsticks, knife, fork, etc. ) (5) (8)
(9) Ordering and offering different foods and drinks (5) (8)
(10) Likes and dislikes (favorite food, favorite drinks, etc. (5 )(8)
13. 健康(Health)
(1) Eating habits (5) (8)
(2) Physical fitness and exercise (5 ) (8)
(3) Persona1 hygiene (5) (8)
(4) Illnesses (stomachache, headache, flu, cold, etc. ) (5) (8)
(5) Medications (5) (8)
(6) Accidents (5) (8)
(7) Doctors, nurses & hospitals (5) (8)
(8) Describing problems (parts of the body, pains, etc. )
(9) Medical insurance (8)
 
 
 
 
14. 天气(Weather)
(1)Describing weather (sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, hot, warm, cold, cool, etc. )
(2)Extreme weather (storms, gales, hurricanes, etc. )
(3)Dressing for the weather ( coat, hat, umbrella, raincoat, windbreaker, etc. )
 
15. 文娱与体育(Entertainment and sports)
(1)Movies and theatre
(2)Music and dance (folk music and dance, popular music and classical music)
(3)Team games (football, basketball, volleyball, etc. )
(4)Games of two or four (table tennis, tennis, golf, etc. )
(5)Racing (running, swimming, horse racing, etc. )
(6)International sports events ( Olympic Games, World Cup, Football League, etc. )
(7)Spectators and fans
(8)Physical exercises
16. 旅游和交通(Travel and transport)
(1)Methods of transportation ( walking, cycling, horse riding, taking buses, trains, boats, planes)
(2)Travel (schedules, maps, tickets, fares)
(3)Getting and asking directions (left, right, straight ahead, north, south, east, west, etc. )
(4)Safety rules and warnings (traffic lights, caution, walk, stop, etc. )
(5)Inquiring and making reservations (hotels, tourist spots, etc, )
(6)International travel (passport, visas, expenses, currency, etc. )
(7)Describing a journey
 
 
17. 语言学习(Language learning)
(1)Differences between American English and British English
(2)Language and culture
(3)Language learning difficulties
(4)Attitudes to language and communication
(5)Language learning strategies
(6)Communications repair
18. 自然 (Nature)
(1)Plants (green plants, trees, bushes, grass, vegetables, crops, flowers. etc. )
(2)Animals (farm animals, wild animals, endangered animals, pets, etc. )
(3)Heavenly bodies (The sun, the earth, the moon and stars, etc.)  
(4)Describing land (cities, farms, hill, mountains, lakes, rivers, etc. )
(5)Natural disasters (Volcano,earthquake, etc. )*
19. 世界和环境(The world and the environment)
(1)Countries and maps (China, Great Britain, United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Japan, Russia, India, Egypt, Cuba. etc. )
(2)Issues (pollution, land use and quality, population growth, housing, etc. )
20. 科普知识与现代技术 (Popular science and modern technology)
(1)Recent inventions, medical advances, technological advances, etc.
(2)Computer science
21. 热点话题 (Topical issues)
(1)Population *
(2)Environmental conservation *
(3)Crime and punishment *
(4)Social differences *
(5)Pollution
22. 历史和地理( History and geography)
(1)General knowledge of history and geography about China
(2)General knowledge of history and geography about the world
(3)Historic events
(4)Historical persons
23. 社会 (Society)
(1)Nationality and people
(2)Famous people (contemporary)
(3)Law (rules and regulations, traffic codes)
(4)Ways of dressing (types of clothes, daily clothes or dress, situation and dressing)
(5)Names of religions *
(6)Religions and culture *
(7)Customs and culture
24. 文学与艺术 (Literature and art)
(1)Forms of literature and art (play, drama, novel, essay, poetry, short story)
(2)Famous literary people and artists *
1.个人情况(Personal information)
(1) 个人情况 (Personal data)
(2) 家庭信息 (Family data)
(3) 学校信息 (School data)
(4) 兴趣与爱好 (Interests and hobbies)
(5) 工作与职业 (Jobs and careers)
 
 
2.家庭、朋友与周围的人(Family, friends and people around)
(6) 家人和亲友 (Family and relatives)
(7) 朋友 (Friends)
(8) 其他人(Other people)
 
 
3.周围的环境 (Personal environment)
(9) 房屋与住所 (Kinds of homes)
(10) 居室 (Rooms in homes)
(11) 家具和家庭用品 (Furniture & household items)
(12) 社区 (Community)
 
 
4.日常活动 (Daily routines)
(13) 家庭生活 (Life at home)
(14) 学校生活 (School life)
(15) 周末活动 (Weekend activities)
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.学校 (School)
(16) 学校设施 (School facilities)
(17) 学校人员 (People at school)
(18) 学习科目 (School subjects)
(19) 学校活动 (School activities)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6.个人兴趣(Personal interests)
(20) 游戏与休闲 (Games and leisure)
(21) 爱好 (Hobbies)
(22) 娱乐活动 (Entertainments)
(23) 旅游 (Tourism)
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.情感与情绪(Feelings and emotions)
(24) 描述情感(Describing feelings)
(25) 表达情感(Expressing emotions)
 
8.人际交往 (Interpersonal communications)
(26) 社会行为 (Social behaviours)
(27) 合作与交流(Cooperation and communication)
 
 
 
9.计划与安排(Plans and arrangements
(28) 计划 (Planning)
(29) 安排 (Arranging)
 
 
 
10.节假日活动(Festivals, holidays and celebrations)
(30) 节日与假日(Festivals and holidays)
(31) 个人庆典 (Personal celebrations)
 
 
11.购物 (Shopping)
(32) 计划(Planning)
(33) 商品(Products)
(34) 选择(Selecting)
(35) 付款(Paying)
(36) 个人喜好(Personal preference
 
12.饮食 (Food and drink )
(37) 食物(Food)
(38) 饮料(Drinks)
(39) 饮食习俗Eating customs
(40) 点餐 (Ordering food and drink)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13.卫生与健康(Hygiene and health
(41) 身体部位(Parts of body)
(42) 体育健身 (Physical fitness and exercise)
(43) 个人卫生(Personal hygiene
(44) 疾病(Illnesses)
(45) 健康饮食 (Health diet)
(46) 医疗 (Medical care)
14.安全与救护(Safety and first aid)
(47) 安全守则 (Safety rules)
(48) 意外 (Accidents)
(49) 急救 (First aid)
(50) 自我保护 (Self protection)
15. 天气 (Weather)
(51) 描述天气情况 (Describing weather)
(52) 天气预报 (Weather report)
(53) 衣着与天气 (Dressing for the weather)
16.文娱与体育 (Recreation and sports)
(54) 电影与戏剧 (Movies and theatre)
(55) 音乐与舞蹈 (Music and dance)
(56) 体育与赛事 (Sports and matches)
 
 
17.旅游与交通 (Travel and transport)
(57) 旅行 (Travel)
(58) 交通运输方式 (Modes of transportation)
(59) 问路 (Asking the way)
(60) 交通标志 (Road signs)
(61) 使用地图 (Reading maps)
 
18.通讯(Communications)
(62) 写信 (Writing letters)
(63) 打电话 (Making phone calls)
(64) 使用互联网 (Using the Internet)
 
19. 语言学习( Language learning)
(65) 语言学习经历 (Language learning experiences)
(66) 语言与文化 (Language and culture)
(67) 语言学习的策略 (Language learning strategies)
(68) 体态语 (Body language)
20.自然(Nature)
(69) 动物和植物(Animals and plants)
(70) 山川与河流 (Mountains and rivers)
(71) 季节 (Seasons)
(72) 宇宙(Universe)
(73) 人与自然 (Man and naure)
21.世界与环境(The world and the environment)
(74) 国家与民族 (Countries and nationalities)
(75) 环境保护 (Environmental protection)
(76) 人口 (Population)
22.科普知识与现代技术(Popular science and modern technology)
(77) 数字与数据 (Numbers and data)
(78) 科普知识 (Popular science)
(79) 发明与技术 (Inventions and technological advances)
(80) 信息技术 (Information technology)
 
23.历史与社会(History and society
(81) 中国历史与世界历史 (History of China and the world)
(82) 著名人物 (Famous people)
24.故事与诗歌(Stories and poems)
(83) 故事 (Stories)
(84) 诗歌 (Poems)
(85) 短剧 (Short plays)
(86) 作家 (Writers)
 
五、词汇变化整理(标黑处为变动部分)
1. 删掉的旧词汇
aboard, accent, ache, advertisement, airline, airplane, bee, behavior, besides, beyond, bitter, breath, breathe, butterfly, camel, cancer, captain, CD,CD-ROM, ceiling, chairman(chairwoman), chant, cheat, chest, clap, clone, coke, composition, conference, cruel, dare, death, dismiss, disturb, doll, dozen, drawer, drug, duty, DVD, edge, electric, examine, excite, fetch, final, foreigner, fox, frog, gesture, goat, god, golden, goose, grandchild, granny, ink, insist, intention, joy, lemonade (n), madam = madame (n), mend (v), mom (Am mum) (n), monitor (n), master (v&n), murder (v), normal (a), oneself (pron), overcoat (n), P.C. = personal computer (n), pence (n), penny (n), ping-pong (n), plain (a&n) , pond (n), purse (n), rat (n), recent (a), relation (n) ,retell (v), riddle (n), servant (n), soldier (n) ,supper (n), supply (v&n), table tennis (n), tale (n), theirs (pron), thread (n ), treatment (n), VCD (n), vehicle (n), whale (n), wine (n), wolf (n), relation  n
2. 新加的词汇
actor(n), actress(n), admire(v), Africa(n), artist(n), attend(v), awful (a) bean(n), best(adj,ad), better(a,ad), block(n,v), blouse(n), bored(a), Britain(n), British(a),calendar(n), Canadian(a), carrot(n), cartoon(n), central(a), certainly(ad), community(n), corn(n), customer(n), cute(a), dining, district(n), dust(n), earthquake (n), eastern(a), electricity(n), exactly (ad),excited(a), exciting(a), exhibition(n), expect (v), finally(ad), France(n), French(n,a), German(n,a), Germany(n),glue(n), insect(n), instrument(n), jam(n), jog(v), journey(n), labour (Am labor) n,later ( ad), lemon (n), less (ad, pron), local (a), major (a), matter (n ), mess (n), messy (a),missing   (a), mix (v), mobile phone (n), moral (a), musician (n),noisy (adj),o’clock (ad), Olympics (n), opinion (n), opposite (prep), pain (n, v), pants (n ), player (n), pollute (v), pollution (n) product (n), project (n),province(n), recently (ad), regular (a), relationship (n), relative (n), scissors (n),simply (ad), solve (v), stomach-ache (n),straight (a, ad),support (n,v), survey (n), treat (n, v),type (n),UK (n), US (n),usually (ad), valuable (a), wallet(n),wild (a), writer (n),
3. 改变词性的有:

旧词性
新词性
above prep
above ad
abroad ad
abroad a & ad
act nv
act v
after ad, prepconj
after ad
against prep
against ad
all a, adpron
all pron
along adpre p
along prep
another apron
another pron
any prona
any pron
around prepad
around ad
as ad, conjprep
as conj
avoid v n
avoid v
awake v
awake a
behind prep
behind ad
below prep
below ad, prep
born a
born   v, a
both prona
both pron
break vn
break v
by prep
by prep, ad
call vn
call v
check nv
check v
clean av
clean   a
daily a, adn
daily   a, ad
dark an
dark a
direct av
direct a
double an
double n, v
down adprep
down ad
dream   vn
dream v
drink vn
drink   v
each apron
each pron
early aad
early a
earth n
Earth    n
either a, conjad
either pron
e-mail nv
email n
enough aad
enough ad
except prep v
except prep
fall   v
fall v, n
far aad
far a
fat a
fat a, n
few prona
few   ad, n, pron
fight vn
fight v
first num, aad
first num
fit av
fit a
fly1 (flew, flown) v
fly2 n
fly (flew, flown) v
force v
force n, v
front an
front n
in prep
in prep, ad
inside prep
inside prep, ad
international n
international a
joke nv
joke n
kind1 a
kind2 n
kind n
knock vn
knock v
lie1 (lay, lain) v
lie2 vn
lie (lay, lain)   v
 
that a, pronconj
 
that pron
 
this apron
 
this prep? pron
 

整理:海宁宏达学校罗敏江

 
 
 


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评论列表

周琴 于 2017-10-31 11:29:11 评论道:
非常棒
万慧玲 于 2015-05-19 16:26:13 评论道:
学习了,收获很大
林丹丹 于 2014-12-18 12:48:14 评论道:
值得收藏
俞亚君 于 2014-12-10 13:31:09 评论道:

学习了,谢谢


范小盛 于 2014-12-02 08:33:15 评论道:
教学中的导向意义明显
俞翠英 于 2014-11-12 19:43:26 评论道:
好好学习了。谢谢!
俞翠英 于 2014-11-12 19:42:15 评论道:
仔细学习了,受益非浅!
吴金英 于 2014-10-25 11:06:46 评论道:
很细致,谢谢!
陈玲艳 于 2014-09-17 18:17:07 评论道:
谢谢!好资料,给我们节省时间了。
王金兰 于 2014-06-16 19:42:57 评论道:
好有心的老师,谢谢!
张小芳 于 2014-04-01 11:26:42 评论道:
谢谢罗老师的整理,真好。
王美华 于 2014-03-12 13:20:52 评论道:
学习了
余仙娟 于 2014-01-14 09:25:29 评论道:
hen 很详细,值得学习
王美华 于 2013-12-16 10:35:51 评论道:
谢谢罗老师的整理,真好。
郑娟君 于 2013-12-04 13:55:33 评论道:

看后收获很大,并且一目了然,谢谢!

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